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    Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) is an essential component when implementing projects. The purpose of doing M&E is to document a specific project's results as well as capturing new learning in the work process.



    The M&E System Manual


    In 2009, the Disabled Danish People's Organisations published a manual regarding the establishment of M&E systems in development projects. The publication targets small and medium-sized Danish CBOs and their local partners. It explains how an M&E system is typically established alongside the planning of a project by using the indicators formulated in the project's Logical Framework. Learn more about Logical Framework Approach and project planning.


    The manual introduces important information about:


    Indicators: Examples of how to formulate relevant indicators, including their relation to advocacy and organizational development. (Annex 1)

    Evaluation: Explanation of the five key subjects to be included in an evaluation. (P.38)

    Terms of Reference: Setting the Terms of Reference (job description) for a consultant or team who perform the evaluation. (Annex 2)


    The M&E System Manual is an excellent extension to CISU's own; 'Guide to the formulation of NGO Projects' because it draws on specific examples, which match very well with typical Civil Society Fund projects.

    Download DH's "Monitoring and Evaluation Manual" in Danish and English 



    Most Significant Change: A Qualitative Technique to M&E


    The 'Most Significant Change' technique (MSC) is developed by Unicef, India. In short, MSC is a form of participatory M&E system that involves systematic collection of 'significant change' stories directly from the target group by means of dialogue and storytelling. MSC is characterized by not using quantitative indicators, but focuses entirely on qualitative data. Thus, the technique contributes to common M&E systems when combined with more objective, measurable ways.

    Read more about Most Significant Change:
    The 'Most Significant Change’ (MSC) Technique - a user's guide written by Rick Davies and Jess Dart with input and examples from a number of organisations in Denmark, UK, Australia, New Zealand and USA.


    Key concepts in M&E

    Ongoing systematic monitoring of activities and results, aimed at collecting experiences and making necessary adjustments. Monitoring is based on a project indicators.
    Systematic review of a project's achievements in relation to planned objectives and expected results - retrospective assessment aimed at future practices.
    Baseline study
    Information collected by the project start, which indicates the status of the indicators at the project start.
    Established criteria that can be used to judge whether the project achieves what it is designed to achieve.

    Address: CISU - Civil Society in Development, Klosterport 4a, 8000 Århus C, Denmark
    Tel: 045 8612 0342, weekdays 10.00-15.00, Mail us at cisu@cisu.dk

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